Panantukan/ Dirty Boxing
Panantukan is a highly developed empty hand system which shares similarities to western boxing but is considered a dirty style which is best suited to street style self defence. it uses slaps, finger strikes, elbows, head buts, shoulder rams and groin strikes but if used in a sporting context you would be disqualified. Panantukan boxing has influences from the knife and has adopted it as a training tool in which sharpen up your reflexes and responses.
Much has been said about the role of this style of boxing that influenced the evolution of western boxing. As the Americans came to the Philippines after the Spanish left they noticed that they were highly mobile, tight upward guard and quick retractions of punches rather than the long guard and linear footwork that they were familiar with at that time. There is also a kicking art that runs alongside panantukan which is called pananjakman which utilizes low line kicks to immobilize the opponent. When all elements of the arts are utilized, panantukan, pananjakman and dumog (grappling) this is collective known as pangamut.